What is Roundup Ready and what are Roundup-ready plants? Roundup Ready is a trademark that refers to a line of genetically engineered seeds that are resistant to Roundup. These are referred to as Roundup Ready crops.
So, who invented Roundup?
John Franz (Monsanto Chemist) first recognized Glyphosate as a herbicide in Roundup. ラウンドアップ The use of pre-emergent herbicides was common in the ag industry in the early days. They were applied prior to the weeds or crops appeared. Glyphosate’s post-emergent activity in the control of large quantities of broadleaf weeds and grass herbicides was very distinct. ラウンドアップ This, along with its remarkable environmental characteristics (soil activation rapid decay, low toxicity, no carry-over etc.) as well as toxicological attributes (extremely low toxicity for beneficial and mammals) it resulted in a revolutionary product.
What year was it that Roundup was created?
Roundup(r) that was first introduced to the market as a broad-spectrum herbicide in the year 1974, quickly became one the most popular chemical used in agriculture all over the world. It was initially employed in ditches, along railroad tracks and on fields during growing seasons. It allowed ranchers and farmers to manage grass and broadleaf plants that had emerged out of the soil.
Then came the question of Roundup Ready GMOs.
Spurred by the incredible breakthroughs in Recombinant DNA technology in the 1970s, Monsanto scientists recognized the numerous advantages for farmers who benefited if Roundup(r) could be applied directly to growing crops to control weeds within their fields. ラウンドアップ This challenge was taken up by a small number of scientists, including Dr. ラウンドアップ Ernie Jaworski and Steve Rogers. In the early 1980s this group had developed the first systems that allowed the introduction of specific genes into plants. Eventually, our focus was on the development of virus-resistant insects resistant, Roundup-tolerant crops.
It was discovered that Roundup glyphosate inhibited plants’ ability to create aromatic amino acids. ラウンドアップ エノコログサ Roundup’s high degree of mammalian safety is due to this fact. Glyphosate is also rapidly processed in soil by microorganisms. ラウンドアップ In the late 1980s, our researchers had identified the genes of both microbial and plant species that increased tolerance to herbicides through laboratory testing. In 1987 the USDA approved the first field test for Roundup Ready plants. It was a genetically modified crop of tomato plants that were resistant to Roundup. After a few decades, the Roundup Ready gene which would later become the main trait of the Roundup Ready crop was discovered. The gene was isolated and introduced into the crops.
Let’s take a look at soybeans to get an idea, by answering the question, What are Roundup Ready soybeans? And what is the process by which Roundup Ready soybeans are constructed? Roundup Ready soybeans are soybeans genetically engineered with their DNA altered to be able to resist Roundup’s herbicide glyphosate. This soybean is tolerant to Roundup since each seed has the Roundup Ready gene infected before it’s planted. This permits farmers to spray their fields with herbicides and not kill their crops.
Roundup Ready crops, which were introduced in the year 1996 revolutionized agricultural research and farming. Roundup resistance was quickly acknowledged by farmers and widespread adoption occurred. Today, more than 90% of U.S. cotton and soybeans utilize Roundup Ready crops. Roundup Ready crops streamlined and improved weed management systems. This resulted in increased crop yields. It also decreased the amount of tillage required, decreased costs for equipment, and made harvesting easier because of fewer weeds. The most significant environmental benefit has been the increased adoption of conservation tillage: by the reduction of plowing, farmers have reduced their energy use and emissions of GHG while also preserving soil structure and decreasing erosion. This is equivalent to removing 28.3 billion kilograms of carbon dioxide (or 12.4 million cars) from the road. Source: PG Economy.