First, what exactly is Roundup Ready? And what are the Roundup Ready plants? Roundup Ready is a trademark name for a patented line of genetically modified crop seeds that are immune to the herbicide that is based on glyphosate called Roundup. These plants are also known as Roundup Ready crops.
ラウンドアップ Who came up with Roundup?
John Franz, a Monsanto Chemist, found that Glyphosate is the active ingredient in Roundup in the year 1970. ラウンドアップ At the time, in the ag industry, the majority of herbicides were pre-emergent. This means they were used before the weeds and crops emerged. ラウンドアップ Glyphosate’s ability to control large numbers of grass weeds and broadleafs was a completely different thing. Its exceptional environmental properties (soil inactivation, rapid degradation, etc.) and toxicological qualities (extremely low levels of toxicity to mammals as well as other beneficial species) made it a revolutionary product.
What year was it that Roundup was created?
Roundup(r) was first introduced to the market in 1974, as a broad-spectrum herbicide and quickly became one the top agricultural chemicals on the market. It was initially utilized in ditches, on railroads and on fields during growing seasons. It allowed farmers to control broadleaf and grass weeds that were growing in the soil. It also decreased the need for tillage and preserved the soil structure.
Then came the question of Roundup Ready GMOs.
Monsanto scientists recognized the potential benefits Roundup(r), a recombinant DNA product could be for farmers following the discoveries made in the 1970s. Ernie Jaworski, Rob Horsch, Steve Rogers, and I started working on this challenge. The early 1980s saw the team had developed the very first methods to insert genes in plants. Our focus shifted to the creation of viruses-resistant cropsthat are resistant to insects and also Roundup.
It was found that Roundup glyphosate impeded plant’s ability to produce aromatic amino acids. Roundup’s extremely high rating in mammal safety was because of this. Glyphosate was also quickly processed in soil by microorganisms. In the latter half of the 1980s researchers discovered plant genes and microbial genes which conferred higher herbicide tolerance. In 1987, the USDA approved the first field test of Roundup Ready crops. This was the first field test of Roundup Ready tomato plants. After a few decades, the Roundup Ready gene which would later become the main trait of the Roundup Ready crop was discovered. https://search.yahoo.co.jp/video/search?rkf=2&ei=UTF-8&fr=wsr_gvu&p=%E3%83%A9%E3%82%A6%E3%83%B3%E3%83%89%E3%82%A2%E3%83%83%E3%83%97 The gene was isolated and then introduced into the crop.
Let’s examine soybeans. To illustrate, let us answer the below questions: What are Roundup Ready soybeans, and how are they made? Roundup Ready Soybeans is a genetically engineered variety of soybeans which has had its DNA altered to make them resistant to Roundup, an herbicide. This soybean is tolerant to Roundup since every seed is equipped with the Roundup Ready gene infected prior to planting. This means that farmers are able to apply the herbicide to get rid of weeds, without killing their crop.
Roundup Ready crops changed agriculture and agricultural science in the year 1996. Roundup resistance rapidly became a popular plant in the United States. Over 90% of U.S. soybeans, corn, cotton, and canola fields now utilize this biotech characteristic. Roundup Ready crops streamlined and improved weed management systems. This has led to higher yields of crops. It also decreased tillage, reduced equipment costs and made harvesting simpler due to less herbicides. The increase in the use of conservation tillage is an environmental benefit that is significant. Through cutting down on plowing, farmers cut down on the amount of energy used and also GHG emissions while maintaining soil structure and reducing erosion. ラウンドアップ This was equivalent in 2013 to the removal of 28.3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (or 12.4 million cars) off the roads. Source: PG Economy.