What is Roundup Readiness? Roundup Ready is a trademark name for a patented line of genetically modified seeds which are insensitive to the herbicide glyphosate, Roundup. These plants are known as Roundup Ready crops.
Roundup was invented by who?
John Franz (Monsanto Chemist) first recognized Glyphosate as a herbicide within Roundup. In 1970, the vast majority of herbicides in the ag field were pre-emergent. In other words, they were applied prior to the crop and weeds were established. Glyphosate’s remarkable post-emergent ability in preventing the spread of large amounts of grass and broadleaf herbicides was something very special. Its combination with its exceptional environmental (soil destruction rapid degradation and no carryover) as well as toxicological (extremely minimal toxicity to mammals, beneficial organisms, etc.) This made it a breakthrough product.
ラウンドアップ When was Roundup introduced?
Roundup(r) was first introduced in 1974 as an insecticide with broad spectrum rapidly became a top worldwide agricultural chemical. Roundup(r) was first used along railway tracks, in ditches, and on the fields between growing seasons. This allowed farmers to keep weeds out of the broadleaf grass that grew from the soil, thereby lessening the need to the tillage process, while also preserving soil structure and reducing soil erosion.
The Roundup Ready GMOs were next.
Inspired by the groundbreaking developments in recombinant DNA technology in the 1970s, Monsanto scientists recognized the numerous advantages for farmers if Roundup(r) could be directly applied on growing crops to control weeds within their fields. A small group of scientists (Rob Horsch, Steve Rogers and myself) under the direction of Dr. Ernie Jaworski, began working on this problem. This team had already developed the first technology to introduce genes into plants in the 1980s. After that, we began to focus on creating virus–resistant resistant, insect-resistant, Roundup-tolerant cropping varieties.
It was found that Roundup hindered the production of aromatic amino acids in plants. ラウンドアップ This is why Roundup has a high level mammalian safety. Additionally, glyphosate is rapidly degraded in soil by microorganisms. Our study had already revealed both microbial and plant genetics that conferred more tolerance to herbicides. Roundup Ready plants were first examined in the field by the USDA in 1987. ラウンドアップ This Roundup-resistant crop included genetically altered tomatoes which proved resistant to Roundup. After a few decades, the Roundup Ready gene that would become the primary characteristic of the Roundup Ready crop was discovered. ラウンドアップ It was later identified and then introduced into crop.
Let’s look at soybeans. As an example, let us consider the following questions: What are Roundup Ready soybeans and how do they get them? Roundup Ready soybeans are genetically engineered soybeans that have had their DNA changed to be able to resist Roundup’s herbicide glyphosate. ラウンドアップ Because each soybean seed was injected with the Roundup Ready gene prior to planting this variety of soybeans is resistant to the chemical glyphosate. This allows farmers to spray their fields with Roundup Ready herbicides in order to destroy weeds but not the crops.
As you can see, the introduction Roundup Ready crops in 1996 revolutionized agriculture and farming science! Farmers quickly recognized the benefits of Roundup resistance, and the adoption rate was very quick (today over 90% of U.S. soybean, corn, cotton and canola acres use biotech-based traits that allow herbicide tolerance). Roundup Ready crops have been able to simplify and improve the weed control systems. They also resulted in higher crop yields. The increase in the use of conservation tillage has an environmental benefit that is significant. ラウンドアップ By cutting down on plowing, farmers cut down on their energy use and emissions of GHG while keeping soil structure intact and reducing erosion. It was equivalent to the removal of 28.3 billion kilograms of carbon dioxide (or 12.4 million vehicles) off the roads. Source: PG Economy.